Section II - Verbal Skills
Questions: 15 (Q16 Q30)Time: 20 Minutes

This section contains questions 16 - 30 which test your recognition of correct grammatical usage, your vocabulary and familiarity with words, your understanding and comprehension of the language (English) while reading, and your ability to write clearly and briefly.

Start answering from question 16 and then proceed serially. Read the directions for each set of questions carefully. Directions may change.

Directions for Questions 16 - 21: Answer the questions after reading the passage. Base your answer on information that is either stated or implied in the passage. Choose the best answer and darken the corresponding oval in the answer sheet.

 

Passage:
The sad truth is out. In its annual report for the year ending March 2000, the Reserve Bank of India (RBI) has said that the Indian economy is in a much worse condition than hitherto believed. If so, what is the use of foreign exchange reserves worth $44 billion and food stocks of 60 million tonnes ?

Going by the Finance Minister's remarks, it appears that India cannot be an island of growth when the world economy is on a downward trend. But the RBI report has noted that global recession is only one of the factors for the slowdown in India, particularly in the external front. The major cause for concern is the prolonged recession in the industry which is yet to show signs of recovery.

Significantly, when the RBI unfolded its credit policy in April 2001, it painted an optimistic picture, projecting a GDP growth of 6 to 6.5 percent of the fiscal 2001 - 2002. Four months later, the RBI feels that it is better to be discreet than make bold forecasts. Hence, the conspicuous absence of a revised GDP growth estimate. With economic deceleration continuing into the second year, the RBI has raised doubts over the Planning Commission's optimism about higher growth in the medium term. How is it possible to achieve the Tenth Plan objective of 8 Percent GDP unless industry grows at 10 percent ? While the industry grew at 5.6 percent during 2000-01, it fell below 2 percent in the first Quarter of the current fiscal year (2001-02). By the RBI's own admission, its earlier projection of 6 to 6.5 percent GDP growth was based on a reversal of industrial slowdown following expectations of a favourable monsoon (2001). The monsoons have been satisfactory, but the industry has not recovered.

The RBI has called for Labour reforms, exit procedures, bankruptcy laws, PSU reforms etc. But these involve substantive legislation which can take time since a consensus has to be achieved on those sensitive issues across the political spectrum. The key to recovery lies in easy action by way of increased public spending. Global recession cannot inhibit the creation of domestic demand if the government wants to invest in the infrastructure like roads, ports and housing. What is the use of holding huge food stocks if it cannot be used immediately to create physical assets in rural areas ? The need is for action, not rhetoric.

(Source: A lead article published in one of the Indian national dailies on August 30, 2001).

 

Questions 16 - 21 are based on the above passage:
16 According to the passage, which of the following statements is TRUE ?
I RBI in its annual report said that slowdown in the Indian economy is largely due to economic recession globally.
II RBI in its report said that the Indian economy is not so much worse as the economists would like us to believe.
III The RBI report has noted the major cause for concern is the prolonged recession in the industry, which is yet to show signs of recovery.
IV In its annual report, the RBI has projected a GDP growth of 6 to 6.5 percent for the fiscal 2001 - 02.
17 According to the passage, ------
1 India cannot be an island of growth when the world economy is on a downward trend.
2 The tenth plan objective of 8 percent GDP growth will be achieved once the industry picks up its growth rate of 10 percent.
3 Indian economy is still substantially agricultural and hence weather dependent.
4 RBI admitted that its earlier projection 6 to 6.5 percent GDP growth was estimated on expectation of a favourable monsoon and likely reversal of industrial slowdown.
18 Which of the following statements, if true, will strengthen the argument in support of the economic slowdown in the first Quarter of the fiscal 2001 - 02 ?
1 Companies are not taking loans because of high interest rates but also because they do not see or feel confident about investment opportunities.
2 The promised Labour reforms, exit procedures, bankruptcy laws, PSU reforms, PSU disinvestments etc., did not materialize as expected.
3 GDP growth does not truly reflect the economic health of a vast country with such regional diversity like India.
4 None of the above.
19 Which of the following statements can be inferred as the main thrust of the passage ?
1 Global recession is one of the major factors for the economic slowdown in India particularly due to downward trends in exports.
2 With economic deceleration continuing for two consecutive years, the Planning Commission's optimistic forecast about higher growth was more of a political compulsion than economic reasoning.
3 Global recession cannot inhibit the creation of domestic demand and therefore the government should increase public spending such as investment in infracture e.g., roads, ports, and housing.
4 A consensus has to be achieved on the sensitive issues like labour laws, PSU reforms, etc., across the political spectrum in order to increase economic growth and reverse slowdown.
20 Accepting the line of argument or reasoning as stated in the passage as true, which of the following statements weaken(s) the conclusion ?
I Economic liberalization as a government policy since 1991 runs counter to the increased public spending in roads, ports, and housing.
II Globalization and market economy are the facts of life today and as such is against the government investment in infrastructure.
III Privatisation of infrastructure development supports the economic liberalization and hence economic recovery.
(1) I only (2) II only (3) III only (4) I, II and III
21 According to the author of the passage, which of the following best states the central point of the passage ?
I Economic reforms should be the priority of the government to stem the rot of slowdown.
II Government intervention in the form of public spending in infrastructural development.
III Substantive legislative reforms in labour laws, exit procedures, bankruptcy laws, etc., to boost private investment and arrest the economic slowdown.
(1) I only (2) II only (3) III only (4) I, II and III

 

Directions Questions 22 - 23. In each of the following questions, one word, a CAPITALIZED word, is followed by four numbered (1,2,3, and 4) words. Choose the numbered word or expression that has most nearly the OPPOSITE meaning of the capitalized word. Darken the corresponding oval in the answer sheet.

 

22 MENDACITY:
(1) Giving (2) Venerating (3) Lying (4) Hostility
23 BANTER:
(1) Conversation (2) Criticism (3)Serious talk (4) Gossip

 

Directions for Question 24: A short paragraph is followed by four re-written forms numbered 1,2,3 and 4 of the same paragraph. Choose the re-written paragraph that you think is better than the original one in terms of correct usuage, diction, grammer, less verbose or style of expression. Darken the corresponding oval in the answer sheet.

 

24 One more person succumbed to the injuries he had suffered in the accident involving three vehicles on the Parliament Street.
I One more person who had suffered fatal injuries in the accident involving three vehicles on the Parliament Street died.
II One more person died due to injuries sustained in the accidents involving three vehicles on the Parliament Street.
III One more person succumbed to injuries he suffered in the accident involving three vehicles on the Parliament Street.
IV One more person died of the injuries he had suffered in the three-vehicle collision on the Parliament Street.

 

Directions for Questions 25-26: In these test questions, each of the two CAPITALIZED words have a certain relationship to each other. Following the capitalized words are four pairs of words, each designated by a number (1,2,3 or 4). Select the numbered pair wherein the words are related in the same way as the two CAPITALIZED words are related to each other. Darken the corresponding oval in the answer sheet.

 

25 CABAL:CLIQUE : :
(1) Sombre : Luminous (3) Caveat : Warning
(2) Piquant : Malodorous (4) Beguile : Beliveable
26 PLASTIC : RIGID : :
(1) Euphonious : Raucous (3) Contempt : Despise
(2) Raffish : Dour (4) Insoucient : Careless

 

Directions for Questions 27-30: Blank spaces are left in the sentences or passages. Each blank indicates that something has been omitted. Beneath the sentences or passages, four words or set of words, numbered 1,2,3, and 4 are given to fill up these blanks most meaningfully. Choose the word or set of words for each blank that best fits the meaning of the sentence as a whole and darken the corresponding oval in the answer sheet.

 

27 For some time now, --------- has been presumed not to exist: the cynical conviction that everybody has an angle is considered wisdom.
(1) diffidence (3) disinterestedness
(2) insincerity (4) rationality
28 The speed of light - that seemingly inexorable constant, _____ appears to have different values. This would make the classic Einsteinian Universe, where everything stays smooth forever, an immediate ________.
(1)now doubt (3) presently questionable
(2) seemingly . untenable (4) suddenly .. casualty
29 Certain modern personalities and movements contributed powerfully to our political consciousness, of which there were two clearly discernible _____.
(1) facets (3) tendencies
(2) similarities (4) pecularities
30 It comes as no surprise that societies have code of behaviour, the character of the codes, on the other hand, can often be ________.
(1)explicit (3) predictable
(2)admirable (4) unexpected

 

 

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